Wednesday, August 27, 2014

Cushing's Battery A, 4th U.S Artillery Position at Gettysburg

Location: Cemetery Ridge, Gettysburg

Features: Monuments and cannon.

History:  The Union artillery played a vital role in the repulse of the Confederate attack known as Pickett's Charge on the third day of the battle of Gettysburg, July 3, 1863. Battery A, 4th U.S. Artillery, commanded by 22 year old Alonzo Cushing, took up position along Cemetery Ridge in the area that would come to be known as "The Angle." Cushing's guns supported infantry from the 71st and 69th Pennsylvania regiments behind a low stone wall.  This location would be the only position the Southern attack would reach that day, culminating in fierce hand-to-hand fighting.  Though severely wounded several times, Cushing remained with his guns, pouring fire into the advancing Virginians. Cushing's heroic stand finally came to an end when he was mortally shot in the head. Due to his and many other Union soldier's sacrifices that day, the Confederate charge was broken and R.E. Lee's invasion of the North was finished.

Traveler's Notes:  It was announced today, August 26, 2014 that Alonzo Cushing would finally receive the Congressional Medal of Honor, 151 years after the battle.

Resources: http://thismightyscourge.com/2011/01/19/alonzo-h-cushing-us-lieutenant-soldier-profile-series/http://www.usnews.com/news/politics/articles/2014/08/26/obama-to-award-medal-of-honor-to-civil-war-soldier

The Angle - Cushing's Battery at left

Battery A Position, Cemetery Ridge

Battery A Position looking west toward the Confederate attack.
In the foreground is the marker noting where Cushing fell.




Monument to the nearby 69th Pennsylvanians